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Question No. 1

What is one benefit of PVST+?

Answer: C

Per VLAN Spanning Tree (PVST)


Per VLAN Spanning Tree (PVST) maintains a spanning tree instance for each VLAN configured in the network. This means a switch can be the root bridge of a VLAN while another switch can be the root bridge of other VLANs in a common topology. For example, Switch 1 can be the root bridge for Voice data while Switch 2 can be the root bridge for Video data. If designed correctly, it can optimize the network traffic.

Question No. 2

Which networking function occurs on the data plane?

Answer: A

Question No. 3

Which type does a port become when it receives the best BPDU on a bridge?

Answer: D

Question No. 4

Which of the port is not part of STP protocol?

Answer: D

Question No. 5

A router has two Fast Ethernet interfaces and needs to connect to four VLANs in the local network. How can

you accomplish this task, using the fewest physical interfaces and without decreasing network performance?

Answer: D

Question No. 6

Which two statements about MPLS are true? (Choose two.)

Answer: C, D

Question No. 7

What is the maximum cost for hello and dead packets in OSPF? (Choose two)

Answer: A, C

Question No. 8

What are the benefit of using Netflow? (Choose three.)

Answer: A, C, D

NetFlow Definitions and Benefits

NetFlow traditionally enables several key customer applications including:

Network Monitoring—NetFlow data enables extensive near real time network monitoring capabilities. Flowbased analysis techniques may be utilized to visualize traffic patterns associated with individual routers and switches as well as on a network-wide basis (providing aggregate traffic or application based views) to provide proactive problem detection, efficient troubleshooting, and rapid problem resolution.

Application Monitoring and Profiling—NetFlow data enables network managers to gain a detailed, timebased, view of application usage over the network. This information is used to plan, understand new services, and allocate network and application resources (e.g. Web server sizing and VoIP deployment) to responsively meet customer demands.

User Monitoring and Profiling—NetFlow data enables network engineers to gain detailed understanding of customer/user utilization of network and application resources. This information may then be utilized to efficiently plan and allocate access, backbone and application resources as well as to detect and resolve potential security and policy violations.

Network Planning—NetFlow can be used to capture data over a long period of time producing the opportunity to track and anticipate network growth and plan upgrades to increase the number of routing devices, ports, or higher- bandwidth interfaces. NetFlow services data optimizes network planning including peering, backbone upgrade planning, and routing policy planning. NetFlow helps to minimize the total cost of network operations while maximizing network performance, capacity, and reliability. NetFlow detects unwanted WAN traffic, validates bandwidth and Quality of Service (QOS) and allows the analysis of new network applications.

NetFlow will give you valuable information to reduce the cost of operating your network.

Security Analysis—NetFlow identifies and classifies DDOS attacks, viruses and worms in real-time. Changes in network behavior indicate anomalies that are clearly demonstrated in NetFlow data. The data is also a valuable forensic tool to understand and replay the history of security incidents.

Accounting/Billing—NetFlow data provides fine-grained metering (e.g. flow data includes details such as IP addresses, packet and byte counts, timestamps, type-of-service and application ports, etc.) for highly flexible and detailed resource utilization accounting. Service providers may utilize the information for billing based on time-of-day, bandwidth usage, application usage, quality of service, etc. Enterprise customers may utilize the information for departmental charge-back or cost allocation for resource utilization.

NetFlow Data Warehousing and Data Mining—NetFlow data (or derived information) can be warehoused for later retrieval and analysis in support of proactive marketing and customer service programs (e.g. figure out which applications and services are being utilized by internal and external users and target them for improved service, advertising, etc.). In addition, NetFlow data gives Market Researchers access to the “who”, “what”, “where”, and “how long” information relevant to enterprises and service providers.

Question No. 9

Which protocol provides a method of sharing VLAN configuration information between two Cisco switches?

Answer: B

Understanding VLAN Trunk Protocol (VTP)


VLAN Trunk Protocol (VTP) reduces administration in a switched network. When you configure a new VLAN on one VTP server, the VLAN is distributed through all switches in the domain. This reduces the need to configure the same VLAN everywhere. VTP is a Cisco-proprietary protocol that is available on most of the Cisco Catalyst series products.

Question No. 10

Which type of routing protocol relies on the shortest path tree?

Answer: C

Question No. 11

Refer to the exhibit.

At the end of an RSTP election process, which access layer switch port will assume the discarding role?

Answer: C

In this question, we only care about the Access Layer switches (Switch3 & 4). Switch 3 has a lower bridge ID than Switch 4 (because the MAC of Switch3 is smaller than that of Switch4) so both ports of Switch3 will be in forwarding state. The alternative port will surely belong to Switch4.

Switch4 will need to block one of its ports to avoid a bridging loop between the two switches. But how does Switch4 select its blocked port? Well, the answer is based on the BPDUs it receives from Switch3. A BPDU is superior than another if it has:

1. A lower Root Bridge ID

2. A lower path cost to the Root

3. A lower Sending Bridge ID

4. A lower Sending Port ID

These four parameters are examined in order. In this specific case, all the BPDUs sent by Switch3 have the same Root Bridge ID, the same path cost to the Root and the same Sending Bridge ID. The only parameter left to select the best one is the Sending Port ID (Port ID = port priority + port index). In this case the port priorities are equal because they use the default value, so Switch4 will compare port index values, which are unique to each port on the switch, and because Fa0/12 is inferior to Fa0/1, Switch4 will select the port connected with Fa0/1 (of Switch3) as its root port and block the other port -> Port fa0/11 of Switch4 will be blocked (discarding role)

Question No. 12

Which command do you enter to allow a new VLAN across a trunk?

Answer: C

Question No. 13

Which three statements about the features of SNMPv2 and SNMPv3 are true? (Choose three.)

Answer: A, C, E

Question No. 14

Which WAN technology uses labels to make decisions about data forwarding?

Answer: C

Question No. 15

Which device might be installed at a branch office to enable and manage an IPsec site-to-site VPN?

Answer: B

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